Facing financial trouble, there are only three times when it makes sense to file bankruptcy. None of them is labeled “last resort”.
Yet financial-advice gurus keep saying, bankruptcy should be your last resort.
That kind of thinking keeps people suffering too long, risking worse than financial embarrassment, and wasting money when repayment is a lost cause.
Putting emotions to the side, let’s walk through those three situations when filing bankruptcy is justified.
1. You have a crisis
Foreclosure, repossession, or wage garnishment threaten the foundation of your finances. Without a house, a car, and a paycheck, not much about day-to-day life is manageable.
Bankruptcy is may allow you to keep something that you would otherwise lose to creditors without bankruptcy.
Bankruptcy provides the “time-out” that stops all collection action.
The automatic stay triggered by filing bankruptcy has the force of law to make everyone stop in their tracks and move the action to bankruptcy court.
Sometimes, just getting served with a collection lawsuit seems like a crisis. A lawsuit, after all, is the precursor to a judgment that leads to garnishment, liens, or levies on your assets.
Service of the complaint isn’t really a crisis, but it’s a wake-up call that trouble looms ahead.
Usually, actually getting sued is often just a symptom of a much larger problem: it’s not just the creditor who filed this suit, but the bunch of other creditors who aren’t getting paid either.
Bankruptcy gets you a moment to consider the big picture, and provides the legal forgiveness of most unsecured debts. It’s the long term effect of the discharge that is precious.
2. You see the big picture
It doesn’t require a crisis to look at your balance sheet and realize you can’t dig your way out of a financial hole.
A lifetime of minimum payments on suffocating debt is no life. Keep making minimum payments and the debt doesn’t even die of old age, because payments extend the statute of limitations.
Healthy finances include a reserve for emergencies and serious savings for your old age. Keep feeding VISA and AMEX and you’ll be eating cat food at 70.
Bankruptcy exists because lawmakers understood that the economy is better off when people aren’t driven into the economic underground, and when families have the chance to be self sufficient.
It doesn’t matter how got you into debt: most bankruptcies result from events the individual didn’t control, like job loss, illness, or divorce.
Whether you’re in financial trouble because of bad luck or bad judgment, a fresh financial start is energizing.
3. You’re worrying yourself sick
How we feel about owing money has a huge impact on physical and mental health.
It’s unfortunate in a way that our societal tendency to lionize those who doggedly pay off their debts: the heroic story of slaying debts blinds us to the fact that stress kills.
True story of retired couple who made wrong choices about who to pay
So, when money worries interfere with sleep, digestion, work or relationships, it’s worth considering whether a bankruptcy discharge would improve the situation.
Even elders and the disabled, who are often legally protected from collection by non bankruptcy laws, decide to discharge debts so the bills are gone legally, for all time. And they enjoy peace at home.
Reasons to file overlap
These three reasons for filing bankruptcy aren’t mutually exclusive: you can have a crisis and see the big picture.
But the idea that bankruptcy is only a last resort, when you’ve exhausted all other avenues, is just flat wrong.
Bankruptcy should not be taken lightly, but neither should it be the last option.
The sooner you look at the big picture provided by bankruptcy, the less likely you are to waste money trying to pay impossible debts or make catastrophic decisions like invading retirement or borrowing against your house to pay dischargeable debts.