Bankruptcy Alphabet: H is for House

In my bankruptcy alphabet, H is for house.

Can I keep my house if I file bankruptcy, anxious homeowners ask.

With the precipitous fall of home values, my answer is almost always, “yes”.

Should you keep the house is another question.

Houses are vulnerable in bankruptcy only if there is

  • significant equity
  • above the total of the mortgage payoffs and delinquent property taxes, and
  • above the homestead exemption allowable to the debtor, and
  • above the expenses of sale like real estate commissions

If the trustee can’t sell the property for enough money to pay  costs of sale, property taxes, mortgages and their arrears, and the debtor’s homestead, the house will be abandoned by the trustee back to the debtor.

It’s black letter law that liens pass through bankruptcy unaltered, unless there is a bankruptcy court order to the contrary.   The liens of the mortgage lenders and any back property taxes remain valid charges on the property.

Even though the bankruptcy discharge prevents the lender from suing the borrower, the lender can still foreclose on the property if state law allows.

The more difficult question, then, is whether the homeowner, now free of the old unsecured debt, can work it out with the lender.  The bankruptcy case neither compels nor frustrates the attempt to modify a mortgage loan.

My questions are can the homeowner

  • Make the regular payments
  • Catch up on any missed payments
  • Modify the loan to better terms

My hope for my clients is that they can look at homeownership with a clear head, and make a sound, economic decision about whether to keep an troubled piece of property.  In the end, home is where the heart is not where your name is on the title.

This post was brought to you by the letter H. Others taking the bankruptcy alphabet challenge think H is for Household.

I think our image is courtesy of Rootytootoot.